The number of hate crimes committed in an area affects the feelings of safety and security of residents and may be a measure related to the prejudice, racism and discrimination experienced in an area. Lower rates might also be a measure of acceptance and inclusion in an area. In 2006, Canadian police services, reported 892 hate-motivated crimes, accounting for less than 1% of all incidents and a rate of 3.1 incidents per 1,000 populations. Of all the major population regions across all of Canada, only 4 areas were noted as having no reported hate crimes in 2006: St. Catharines-Niagara, Saguenay, Sherbrooke and Saskatoon. Source: Canadian Center for Justice Statistics Profile Series (2006). Hate Crime in Canada. Catalogue no. 85F0033M.
According to the 2004 General Service Survey (GSS), 3% of all incidents were believed to be motivated by hate, based on self-reported data of an individual’s perception of crime. Police-reported data show that the vast majority of hate crimes were motivated by race or ethnicity (61%), followed by religion (27%), or sexual orientation (10%). Among Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs), the highest rates of police-reported hate crimes were in Calgary(9.1),Kingston(8.5),Ottawa(6.6),London(5.9) andToronto(5.5).